The protocol deals with the ceremonial side of diplomacy, including issues of diplomatic courtesy and primacy. See also diplomatic minutes. Diplomats representing their country abroad enjoy diplomatic immunity. This protects them from prosecution in the host state for the duration of their diplomatic post. Sometimes a former official position holder engages in informal diplomatic activity even after retirement. In some cases, governments welcome such activities, for example as a means of establishing first contact with a hostile group state without being formally engaged. However, in other cases, these informal diplomats are trying to promote a different political agenda than the current government. Such informal diplomacy is practised by former US President Jimmy Carter and (to a lesser extent) Bill Clinton and former Israeli diplomat and minister Yossi Beilin (see the Geneva initiative). High Commission A diplomatic representation of one Commonwealth country in another. Canada, for example, has a high commission in Canberra, Australia.
Today`s emissary was referring to any high-ranking diplomat. In the past, it had a specific hierarchical connotation that was used to designate less diplomatic agents of the highest rank. DHorizon Tower A diplomatic discussion that deals with most (or at least a number) of topics of current and common interest. Chancery, head of an important post in British embassies, which are not in American diplomatic institutions. An officer, usually head of the political department, responsible for coordinating the material and administrative performance of the embassy. In a U.S. embassy, the ambassador looks at the deputy head of the mission. Conference or Congress International Meetings. In the diplomatic sense, a congress has the same meaning as a conference. Convention An agreement between two or more states, often more numerous, on matters of common interest.
Although it is supposedly adopted for minor matters only in a treaty, it often deals with important issues, in fact international copyright and postal laws, such as the law of the sea. Diplomatic rights were created in Europe in the mid-17th century and spread throughout the world. These rights were formalized by the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, which protects diplomats from persecution or persecution during a diplomatic mission. If a diplomat commits a serious crime in a host country, he or she can be declared persona non grata (undesirable person). Such diplomats are often brought to justice for the crime committed in their home countries. Membership The procedure by which a nation becomes a party to an agreement already in force between other nations requires, before a state appoints a new head of the diplomatic mission, which represents it in another state, to consider first whether the proposed appointment is acceptable to the receiving state. The tolerance of the host state is questioned by the fact that it agrees to the appointment. It is unusual for a motion to be defeated, but it occurs occasionally. The Vienna Convention does not give diplomats carte blanche for wrongdoing.
Diplomatic immunity does not place diplomats above the law and diplomats are required to behave in accordance with the laws of the host state. However, in the event of a fault, only the sending state has the authority to take action, for example. B by recalling the diplomat or renouncing his diplomatic immunity.