In its climate promise, Nigeria says it will reduce its total emissions through “climate-smart agriculture” – which, as it puts it, would at the same time reduce emissions while facing the challenges that climate change poses to agriculture (see: Impact and adaptation). The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 197 parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of the Parties in Paris and agreed on 12 December 2015.   The agreement was signed at UN Headquarters in New York from 22 April 2016 to 21 April 2017 by states and regional economic integration organisations parties to the UNFCCC (convention).  The agreement stated that it would only enter into force if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015) ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.  On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement.  175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.   On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. The government`s policy of supporting agriculture for 2016-2020 reiterates the commitment to promote “smart climate agriculture.” A report by the United Nations Environment Programme for 2019 found that current global greenhouse gas emissions were almost exactly at the level of emissions projected for 2020, predicting that the world would no longer implement new climate policies from 2005.
Africa, especially Nigeria, is most affected by the effects of climate change, ranging from floods to droughts to heat waves, resulting in loss of life and livelihoods. It`s time to #LeadClimate through a #GreenRecovery and #GreenDemocracy! pic.twitter.com/YcvPTcBlkL See change is having a major impact on Nigeria. The sharp increase in extreme heat is affecting the millions of people who do not have access to air conditioning or electricity, and changes in rainfall threaten Nigeria`s largely rainy agricultural sector. Some believe that climate change could stoke the risk of conflict in the north of the country. While this has some impact on carbon accounting, the entry into force of the Doha amendment is largely symbolic. It concludes the Kyoto climate regime, while the world implements the Paris Agreement, which obliges each country to contribute to the achievement of climate goals. “The phenomenon of climate change is a matter of time for everyone, and measures to manage its effects have become much more critical than before.” The initiative identified 14 projects that could help Nigeria meet its climate promise at a cost of $500 million. Most of the projects involve Nigeria, which is developing more solar energy. Around the world, some surveys have found a link between climate-related disasters and explosions of violence.
But it`s still a very controversial scientific field – and other researchers have argued that there can be “an effect to govern them all” when it comes to what triggers a conflict. Across the country, changes in temperature and precipitation have strongly influenced agriculture, a sector that provides a major source of income for 70% of the Nigerian population. There is no doubt that climate change is now the greatest threat to humanity.